14 Mar Types of Network Data Cabling That You Might Use in Your Installation At Your Office
Network data cabling is used to transfer information between two computers. Some businesses make use of only one cable type for information transfer, while others use a variety of cables in conjunction to serve as network media.
The three factors which determine the type of cable to be used are the network size, typology and protocol.
Classification according to the size of the network includes: LAN, WAN, PAN, MAN or CAN, whereas typology classification maybe: ring, star, bus, wire or mesh.
Network data cabling also varies with the place at which it is installed, such as schools, hospitals or households, depending on the nature of information transfer required.
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Main Types Of Network Cabling
The major types of network cables made use of currently are:
- Twisted pair cabling: This type of cable maybe shielded or unshielded. The unshielded variety is most popular and commonly used in school networks. The disadvantage is that it is more prone to interference as opposed to the shielded twisted pair cable which may result in irregular transmission patterns.
- Coaxial cable: It has a copper conductor in the center, shielded from the braided wire with an insulator. Coaxial cables are rarely used these days, but are commonly found in television sets. It is difficult to install, but is beneficial as it provides a barrier against interference. Coaxial cable can be found in thick or thin variety, according to usage needs.
- Fiber optic cable: This makes use of a glass core surrounded by insulating material to protect interference. Data transfer is through light rather than electronic signal, which means that the most common type of interference (which is due to electronic signals) is automatically eliminated. Single mode and multi mode varieties are available under the fiber optic category.
- Wireless LANs: These are popular with remote computers, laptops or portable devices. Line of sight and scattered broadcast methods are mostly used in networks designed for schools. The mechanism of wireless communication makes use of high frequency radio signals or infra red beams to communicate between computers. Every computer on the network is equipped with a transmitter or antenna, to send or receive signals.
Wireless connections have numerous advantages but some common problems need to be taken into consideration as well, such as interference, inconsistency in connections, security risks and speed. Speed is improving as technology improves, but faster option can be found in wired connections that make use of cables. We suggest for wireless installations you review our main website, www.bridgecable.com